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Research and Development

Serious and Scientific

Research and development is the basis of all our operations at Afriforte. We ensure that every tool we develop is built upon solid scientific principles and supported by rigorous academic and scientific testing. We are proud to have Workwell, the Research Unit for Economic and Management Sciences, as a close partner; jointly we undertake practical research with real-world applications.

Every step in the process of creating a new tool, from inception to the final design of the reporting system, is meticulously planned and rigorously tested. We only take a product to market after we are fully satisfied that it adheres to all scientific requirements and standards.

Statistical Modelling

Strategic, focussed and powerful

Managers are often stuck when trying to fit survey results to business strategy. At Afriforte we provide results that are based on scrupulous theoretical and statistical models. We align theoretical models to business strategy by implementing rigorous statistical techniques. This ensures that that clients get simple and practical answers to difficult questions.

In addition, there is no need for users to understand or use difficult analytical software. By developing our own statistical engines based on state of the art statistical techniques and using cloud data processing solutions, we ensure that users get results in real-time and in the simplest format possible. Therefore, users do not need to understand and interpret the intricacies of statistical models because our statistical engines interpret the results for users. This provides users with practically significant answers so that they can make strategic decisions faster and with more precision.

Psychometrics

State of the art, rigorous and scientific

Many surveys and tools implemented in industry have questionable psychometric properties, if any.

When we develop surveys or tools at Afriforte, we apply a theory-driven approach and the most rigorous psychometric techniques, from Item Response Theory to Structural Equation Modelling to fit the theory to the data. If it is good enough for a peer-reviewed ISI-listed publication, then it is good enough for practice. We also work closely with world-renowned academics to ensure that our scientific practices and tools are aligned with world-class scientific principles and standards.

User Experience Development

Simple, functional and elegant

When we set out to create a new user experience, whether the design is for something as simple as to track the progress of projects or as complex as our advanced statistical reporting systems, our goal is to create a simple, functional and elegant environment for our users. By paying close attention to the smallest details we succeed in building user-friendly interfaces.

There is always this tug of war between easy-to-use interfaces and the complexity of the coding. When we build new tools we always opt for complexity behind the scenes so that the user can focus on what is important, namely the content. We try our best to build frameworks in which rich informative content is displayed without the user worrying about the technology running behind the scenes.

Meticulous care is given to process flows to ensure that each task performed on our system is simple, fast and smooth. We pride ourselves in designing tools that can make a definite contribution to organisations.

Scientific Publications

Peer reviewed publications underpinning our tools

2014

Job burnout, work engagement and self?reported treatment for health conditions in South Africa.
De Beer, L. T., Pienaar, J., & Rothmann Jr, S.
Stress and Health. doi: 10.1002/smi.2576

The effect of presenteeism-related health conditions on employee work engagement levels: A comparison between groups.
De Beer, L.T. (2014)
SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(1), Art. #640, 8 pages.

Emotional load and social support as indicators of bullying at work.
De Beer, L.T. (2014).
Journal of Psychology in Africa, 24(2), 154-158

Job burnout’s relationship with sleep difficulties in the presence of control variables: A self-report study.
De Beer, L.T., Pienaar, J., & Rothmann Jr., S.
South African Journal of Psychology, 44(4), 454-466.

2013

Investigating the reversed causality of engagement and burnout in job demands-resources theory.
De Beer, L., Pienaar, J., & Rothmann Jr, S.
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology; Vol 39, No 1 (2013), 9 pages. doi: 10.4102/sajip.v39i1.1055

Linking employee burnout to medical aid provider expenditure.
De Beer, L., Pienaar, J., & Rothmann Jr, S.
South African Medical Journal, 103(2), 89-93.

2012

A confirmatory investigation of a job demands-resources model using a categorical estimator.
De Beer, L., Rothmann Jr, S., & Pienaar, J.
Psychological reports, 111(2), 528-544.

Repetitive strain injury among South African employees: The relationship with burnout and work engagement.
Schultz, G., Mostert, K., & Rothmann, I.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 42(5), 449-456.

Depressed, not depressed or unsure: Prevalence and the relation to well-being across sectors in South Africa
Welthagen C., Els C.
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology; Vol 38, No 1 (2012), 12 pages. doi: 10.

2008

Burnout of academic staff in South African higher education institutions.
Barkhuizen, N. & Rothmann, S.
SA Journal of Higher Education, 22(2).

Occupational stress of academic staff in South African higher education institutions.
Barkhuizen, N. & Rothmann, S.
SA Journal of Psychology, 28(2).

A model of work-related well-being of academic staff in a South African higher education institution.
Barkhuizen, N., Rothmann, S. & Tytherleigh, M.Y.
South African Journal of Higher Education, 22(2).

A model of work wellness for non-professional counsellors in South Africa.
Fourie, L., Rothmann, S. & Van de Vijver, A.J.R.
Stress and Health, 24(1), 35-47.

Occupational stress, ill health and organisational commitment of members of the South African Police Service in the North West Province.
Jorgensen, L. & Rothmann, S.
Acta Criminologia, 21(2).

The metrical properties of translated wellness measures.
Marais, C., Mostert, K. & Rothmann, S.
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology.

Outcomes of occupational stress in a higher education institution.
Mostert, F.F., Rothmann, S., Mostert, K. & Nell, K.
South African Business Review.

Exploring antecedents and consequences of burnout in call centres.
Visser, W. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology.

2007

Job demands, job resources, and work engagement of employees in a manufacturing organisation.
Coetzer, C.F. & Rothmann, S.
Southern African Business Review, 11(3), 17-32.

Work characteristics, work-home interaction and engagement of employees in the mining industry.
Mostert, K., & Rathbone, A.D.
Management Dynamics, 16(2), 36-52.

Job characteristics, ill health and negative work-home interference in the mining industry.
Oldfield, G.R., & Mostert, K.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 33(2), 68-75.

Antecedents of work engagement in a multinational oil company.
Olivier, A.L. & Rothmann, S.
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 33(3), 49-56.

Skeleton key or siren song: Is coping the answer to balancing work and wellbeing? In K. Näswall, J. Hellgren & M. Sverke (Eds.),
Pienaar, J.
The individual in the changing working life. Cambridge University Press.

Occupational stress, personality traits, coping strategies and suicide ideation in the South African Police Services.
Pienaar, J., Rothmann, S. & Van De Vijver, A.J.R.
Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(2), 246-258.

Occupational stress, personality traits, coping strategies and suicide ideation in the South African Police Services.
Pienaar, J., Rothmann, S., & Van de Vijver, A.J.R.
Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(2), 246-258.

Investigating turnover intentions by role overload, job satisfaction and social support moderation.
Pienaar, J., Sieberhagen, C.F., & Mostert, K.
South African Journal of Industrial and Organisational Psychology, 33(2), 62-67.

The interaction between work and home of employees in the earthmoving equipment industry: Measurement and prevalence.
Rost, I., & Mostert, K.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 33(2), 54-61.

The validation of the Perceived Wellness Survey in the South African Police Service.
Rothmann, S. & Ekkerd, J.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 33(3), 35-42.

Burnout of support staff in a higher education institution in the North West Province.
Rothmann, S. & Essenko, N.
South African Journal of Psychology, 37(1), 135-152.

Job demands, job resources, burnout and work engagement of management staff at a platinum mine mine in the North West Province.
Rothmann, S. & Joubert, J.H.M.
South African Journal of Business Management, 38(3), 49-61.

Occupational stress of hospital pharmacists in South Africa.
Rothmann, S. & Malan, A.M.
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 15, 235-242.

Predictors of work-related well-being in Sector Education and Training Authorities.
Rothmann, S. & Pieterse, A.J.H.
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 10(3), 298-312.

A model of work-related well-being for police members in the North West Province.
Rothmann, S.& Jorgensen, L.
Acta Criminologia, 20(4), 73-84.

Interaction between work and personal life: Experiences of police officers in the North West Province.
Sekwena, E., Mostert, K., & Wentzel, L.
Acta Criminologica, 20(4), 37-54.

2006

Work engagement of academic staff in South African higher education institutions.
Barkhuizen, N. & Rothmann, S.
Management Dynamics, 15(1), 38-48.

South African correctional official occupational stress: The role of psychological strengths.
Botha, C., & Pienaar, J.
Journal of Criminal Justice, 34(1), 73-84.

Occupational stress of employees in an insurance company.
Coetzer, W.J. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Business Management, 37(3), 29-39.

Occupational stress, organisational commitment and ill-health of educators in the North West Province.
Jackson, L.T.B. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Education, 26(1), 75-95.

A model of work-related well-being for educators in South Africa.
Jackson, L.T.B., Rothmann, S. & Van De Vijver, A.J.R.
Stress and Health, 22, 263-274.

Job characteristics, burnout and negative work-home interference.
Koekemoer, F.E., & Mostert, K.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 32(3), 87-97.

Work-home interaction as partial mediator between job resources and work engagement.
Mostert, K.
Southern African Business Review, 10(1), 53-74.

Work-related well-being in the South African Police Service.
Mostert, K. & Rothmann, S.
Journal of Criminal Justice, 34, 479-491.

Job characteristics and coping strategies associated with negative and positive work-home interference in a nursing environment.
Mostert, K., & Oosthuizen, B.
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 9(4), 429-443.

Work-related well-being in the South African Police Service.
Mostert, K., & Rothmann, S.
Journal of Criminal Justice, 34(5), 479-491.

Job resources, work engagement and the mediating role of positive work-home interaction of police officers in the North West Province.
Mostert, K., Cronjé, S., & Pienaar, J.
Acta Criminologica, 19(3), 64-87.

Work-related well-being of emergency workers in South Africa.
Naudé, J.L.P. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Psychology, 36(1), 63-81.

Characteristics of an effective self-directed work team in the gold-mining industry.
Nel, A., & Pienaar, J.
Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 106(3), 179-186.

Job stress in the South African Police Service.
Pienaar, J. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 32(3), 72-78.

Teacher Burnout: Construct equivalence and the role of union membership.
Pienaar, J., & Van Wyk, D.
South African Journal of Education, 26(4), 541-551.

Work engagement of academic staff in South African higher education institutions.
Rothmann, S. & Jordaan, G.M.E.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 32(4), 87-96.

Occupational stress of engineers in South Africa.
Rothmann, S. & Malan, M.M.
Southern African Business Review, 10(2), 1-16.

A psychometric evaluation of the job demands-resources scale in South Africa.
Rothmann, S., Mostert, K., & Strydom, M.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 32(4), 1-11.

A psychometric evaluation of the Job Demands-Resources Scale in South Africa.
Rothmann, S., Strydom, M. & Mostert, K.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 32(4), 76-86.

Occupational stress of nurses in South Africa.
Rothmann, S., Van der Colff, J.J. & Rothmann, J.C.
Curationis, 29(2), 22-33.

2005

Job insecurity, burnout and work engagement: The impact of positive and negative affectivity.
Bosman, J., Buitendach, J. H., & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 31(4), 48-56.

Burnout in a customer service environment.
Campbell, C. & Rothmann, S.
Management Dynamics, 14(1), 17-29.

Occupational stress in a higher education institution in South Africa.
Coetzee, S.E. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 31(1), 47-54.

Work engagement in a higher education institution.
Coetzee, S.E. & Rothmann, S.
South African Business Review, 9(3), 23-34.

An adapted model of burnout for educators in South Africa.
Jackson, L.T.B. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Education, 25, 100-108.

Work-related well-being of teachers in a district of the North West Province.
Jackson, L.T.B. & Rothmann, S.
Perspectives in Education, 23(3), 107-122.

Burnout and health of primary school teachers in the North West Province.
Montgomery, A., Mostert, K., & Jackson, L.T.B.
South African Journal of Education, 25(4), 266-272.

Job stress, burnout and coping strategies in the South African Police Service.
Mostert, K., & Joubert, A.F.
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 8(1), 39-53.

Suicide ideation in the South African Police Service.
Pienaar, J. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Psychology, 35(1), 58-72.

Suicide ideation in the South African Police Service.
Pienaar, J., & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Psychology, 35(1), 58-72.

Koherensiesin, coping, uitbranding en begeestering in die bediening.
Redelinghuys, F. & Rothmann, S.
Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe, 45, 466-477.

Job stress, sense of coherence and work wellness in an electricity supply organisation.
Rothmann, S., Steyn, L.J. & Mostert, K.
South African Journal of Business Management, 36(1), 1-9.

Job stress, sense of coherence and work wellness in an electricity supply organisation.
Rothmann, S., Steyn, L.J., & Mostert, K.
South African Journal of Business Management, 36(1), 55-63.

Burnout and engagement of student leaders at a Higher Education institution.
Sieberhagen, C., & Pienaar, J.
South African Journal of Higher Education, 19(1), 155-166.

2004

An adapted model of burnout for employees at a higher education institution in South Africa.
Coetzee, S.E. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 30(3), 29-40.

Burnout, psychological strengths and coping strategies of senior managers in the manufacturing industry.
Rothmann, S.
Management Dynamics, 13(4), 26-37.

Coping, stress and suicide ideation in the South African Police Service in Gauteng Province.
Swanepoel, C., & Pienaar, J.
Acta Criminologica, 17(2), 17-33.

Coping, stres and suicide ideation in the South African Police Service in the Freestate.
Van der Merwe, A. S., Rothmann, S., & Pienaar, J.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 30(1), 81-91.

Coping, stres en selfmoord-denkbeeld¬vorming in die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiediens in die Vrystaat.
Van der Merwe, A.S., Rothmann, S. & Pienaar, J.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 30(1), 29-36.

2003

Coping, stress and suicide ideation in the South African Police Service in the Eastern Cape.
Meyer, R., Rothmann, S. & Pienaar, J.
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 6(4), 881-904.

Coping, stress and suicide ideation in the South African Police Service in the Eastern Cape.
Meyer, R., Rothmann, S., & Pienaar, J.
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 6(4), 1-24.

Occupational stress of emergency workers in Gauteng.
Naudé, J.L.P. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4), 92-100.

Coping strategies in the South African Police Service.
Pienaar, J., & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4), 81-90.

The evaluation of a self-development programme for managers in a corporate pharmacy group.
Pienaar, J., Rothmann, S., & Rothmann, J.C.
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 6(1), 50-71.

Burnout and engagement: A fortigenic perspective.
Rothmann, S.
Wetenskaplike Bydraes, Reeks H: Inougurele rede nr. 117. PU vir CHO: Potchefstroom.

Burnout and engagement: A South African perspective.
Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4), 16-25.

Koherensiesin, selfdoeltreffendheid, lokus van beheer en uitbranding by maatskaplike werkers.
Rothmann, S. & Malan, H.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4), 43-51.

Burnout and job stress in a local government: The moderating effects of sense of coherence.
Rothmann, S., Jackson, L.T.B. & Kruger, M.M.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4), 52-60.

The relationship between burnout, personality traits and coping strategies in a corporate pharmaceutical group.
Storm, K. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4), 35-42.

Coping, stress and burnout in the South African Police Service in Kwazulu-Natal.
Wiese, L., Rothmann, S. & Storm, K.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(3), 71-80.

Coping, stress and burnout in the South African Police Service in Kwazulu-Natal.
Wiese, L., Rothmann, S., & Storm, K.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4), 71-80.

2002

Sense of coherence, coping and burnout of pharmacists.
Basson, M.J. & Rothmann, S.
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 5(1), 35-62.

Suicide ideation in the South African Police Services in the North West Province.
Rothmann, S. & Strijdom, G.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 28(1), 44-48.

Psychological strengths, coping and suicide ideation in the South African Police Services in the North West Province.
Rothmann, S. & Van Rensburg, P.
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 28(3), 39-49.

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